top of page
  • Writer's pictureLeitner Varughese Warywoda

Depositions 101: everything you need to know


Depositions are a crucial part of the legal process, and it is important to understand what they are and how they work. A deposition is a sworn statement taken outside of court that can be used as evidence in a trial or in other legal proceedings. In this blog post, we will explore what depositions are, how they work, the rules that govern them, how to prepare for them, and other important information.

What is a Deposition?

A deposition is a formal procedure where a witness testifies under oath but outside of court. Depositions can be taken for a variety of reasons, such as to gather information, to preserve testimony for trial, or to impeach a witness at trial.

Unlike in trials, there is no judge present during depositions, but an officer is typically present to administer the oath and record the testimony. The parties involved in a deposition include the deponent (the person testifying), the attorney(s) representing the parties, and potentially a court reporter or videographer.

Depositions can be used to gather information from a witness in a more informal setting than in court. Because the witness is under oath and their testimony is being recorded, they are generally expected to answer questions truthfully and to the best of their knowledge and recollection.

How Does a Deposition Work?

Depositions typically take place in a conference room or other setting outside of the courtroom. The deposition begins with the examination of the witness by the opposing party's attorney. During this phase, the attorney may ask questions to elicit information or clarify details about the case. The witness is typically expected to answer truthfully and to the best of their knowledge.

After the examination, the deponent's attorney may ask follow-up questions or redirect the witness's testimony. The process continues until all parties have had an opportunity to ask questions and clarify their positions.

Rule Governing Depositions

Depositions are governed by rules of civil procedure, which vary by jurisdiction. Generally, the rules require that a party provide notice to the other parties of the intent to take a deposition and provide information about the time, place, and subject matter of the deposition.

Depositions are typically conducted with attorneys present, but self-represented parties are also able to conduct depositions. All parties are required to behave with proper decorum and respect during depositions.

Depositions are conducted under oath, and witnesses may face penalties for lying or misrepresenting their testimony. The information gathered during a deposition can be presented as evidence in a trial or other legal proceedings or used to impeach a witness if they provide contradictory testimony.

Preparation for a Deposition

Preparing for a deposition is crucial for both the witness and the attorney. Witnesses should be advised to review any relevant documents or materials and to be truthful in their testimony. Witnesses can also be coached on how to answer questions effectively and how to avoid being led by the opposing attorney.

Attorneys will typically prepare a list of questions to be asked during the deposition. This may include both factual and hypothetical questions, as well as questions designed to elicit information that may be useful in trial. The attorney may also prepare for potential objections or other challenges that may arise during the deposition.

Other Important Information About Depositions

There are a few other things to keep in mind when it comes to depositions. First, it is important to take the deposition seriously. Even though it is not in court, the information provided during a deposition can have serious consequences, so it is important to be truthful and attentive.

Another important factor is that depositions can be expensive and time-consuming. Attorneys may be called upon to gather evidence and prepare witnesses, and the time and expense can add up quickly.

Finally, it is worth noting that depositions can play a significant role in a case. The information gathered during a deposition can be used to impeach witnesses at trial or to establish a party's position in settlement negotiations. As such, it is important to take depositions seriously and to approach them with the appropriate amount of preparation and attention.


Depositions are a key part of the legal process, and it is important to understand what they are and how they work. Depositions provide an opportunity for parties to gather information, preserve testimony, and establish their position in a case. By understanding the rules that govern depositions, preparing effectively, and taking them seriously, parties can use depositions to advance their legal strategy and ultimately achieve a favorable outcome.


bottom of page